The use of basic hygiene procedures is one of the most robust ways of helping to lessen the possible spread of infection. However, this will only be possible if staff are aware of what their responsibilities are in terms of personal hygiene and handwashing procedures.
All organisations should have a policy in place about hygiene procedures and how these are best followed. It should be easily accessible to all staff who can refer to it if they have any doubts about what their own responsibilities are in lessening the risk of infection spreading within their setting.
Hand washing is the most basic but essential way of preventing cross infection when working with individuals and with equipment that may have been used with someone who has some form of infection. The NHS has a standard practice for the best way to wash hands to ensure that they no longer potentially contain harmful bacteria.